Quality assurance encompasses the processes and procedures that systematically monitor different aspects of a service or facility. Through audits and other forms of assessment, quality assurance efforts detect and correct problems or variances that fall outside established standards or requirements. Quality assurance methods focus on establishing good processes to produce products with the quality already built-in, rather than going through an unmonitored production process and trying to “inspect the quality” of a product that’s already been finished. International Quality Assurance Standards.
- Cost estimations analysis – Cost Estimation is a statement that gives the value of the cost incurred in the manufacturing of finished goods. Cost estimation helps in fixing the selling price of the final product after charging appropriate overheads and allowing a certain margin for profits. It also helps in Inventory Reports drawing conclusions regarding the cost of production and in determining the necessity to introduce cost reduction techniques in order to improve the manufacturing process. Cost estimation takes into consideration all expenditure involved in the design and manufacturing along with all related service facilities such as machines setting; tool making as well as a portion of sales marketing and administrative expenses or what we call overhead costs.
- Development of Bill of Quantities – A bill of quantities is defined as the documented list of materials and services needed to perform and complete a project. Once the project design is done, bills of quantities are made by architects, engineers, or quantity surveyors that generally incorporate details of materials and labor along with the quantities of each. The elements of the Bills of quantities are measured in the form of the number, length, volume, mass, area, weight, or time. Companies create the BOQ and issue that to tenderers for letting them prepare the pricing plan for carrying out a project.
The main purpose of a BOQ is to:
- Standardize the process for tendering contractors to prepare a firm cost to carry out the works.
- Provide a fair and accurate method for tendering contractors to price the project using the same information.
- Allow the employer’s consultants to carry out a tender analysis whereby they can compare both the overall cost received and individual priced items with other tender offers.
- Enable either the quantity surveyor or contract administrator to confirm that individual contractors have submitted bona fide tenders compliant with the tender information, that represent value for money to the client.
- Environmental compliance assessment- An environmental compliance report outlines compliance requirements with environmental laws, regulations and standards applicable to company’s products or projects.
It highlights the permits required by a company to operate and consists of:
- An Environmental management plan
- Analysis of an impact of a business on the environment
- Strategies to mitigate such impacts
- Details permits and licenses required for relevant operations
- Environmental audits, surveys and reports published by a company including:
- Facilities or operations which have previously emitted, stored or disposed of hazardous materials or substances
- Lists of internal processes and workflows to comply with emissions or storage and disposal of hazardous waste, materials or substances
The Environmental Compliance Monitoring Program was developed to ensure environmentally safe and sound operations. This established program is designed to determine industry conformity with environmental laws, regulations, lease stipulations, and project mitigations.